Sultanas are manufactured from varieties of seedless grapes, dried to concentrate their rich flavour. The sultana was traditionally imported to the English-speaking world from the Ottoman Empire.
Under normal conditions, it takes up to 3 weeks for the grapes to dry. To minimise the time and retain the light colour farmers use a Potassium carbonate and olive oil solution which cracks the invisible membrane on the grape and speeds the drying time. Grapes dried in this manner are called Sultanas.
The sultana differs from the raisin in two ways, one of which is fairly apparent. It is lighter in colour – the lighter the better, in quality terms – but it is also the sun-dried grape of one variety alone, the green, seedless Sultana grape of ancient (possibly Persian) lineage.
The sultana raisins are classified into five types under the type numbers of 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 where 7 has the darkest and 11 has the lightest color. The raisins are divided into five sizes jumbo, standard, medium, small and small small according to their largeness being.
Turkey has the most suitable climate conditions for vine growing in the world and is the origin of the vine genes. The archaeological findings in Anatolia proved that this culture of vine growing dates back to 3500 BC.
Grape figures, found in different locations of Anatolia points out to the fact that growing grapes has been the part of the culture for centuries.
In the period of Hittites; that is 1800 – 1550 BC; grape growing and wine making was developed and during religious ceremonies these were votive offerings to the gods. Hittites had agricultural laws similar to today’s in order to protect the vine yards. A grape bunch shaped wine container, dating back from 1800 – 1600 BC, was found in Yozgat Alitar, a town located in central Anatolia. A golden wine glass and a wine jug, made in 2300 BC, was found in Çorum Alacahöyük, another town in central Anatolia. Historical coins with grape figures were used in Western Anatolia.
Grape and wine have always played an important social and commercial role in Western Anatolia.
Yet, through out the history the region’s major consumption has been either as table grape or as dried fruit. Raisin juice, dried layers of raisin pulp was also being produced.
Sultanas are a good source of energy (1,276 kj / 305 kcal Per 100g) thanks to its carbohydrate content. Sultanas also contain vitamins B1, B2 and various minerals. It is medically proven that it helps child growth, curing diseases with inflammation and fever, also kidney and liver diseases.
100 grams of Sultanas contain :
Vitamins contained in 100 grams of Sultanas :
Minerals in 100 grams of Sultanas ;